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How is Porcelain Made?

Last updated 6 years ago

Porcelain tiles are some of the most durable and beautiful floor tiles available. A large part of their charm comes from the unique process through which they are made. Keep reading to learn how exactly porcelain floor tiles come into existence:

Clay Drying: Porcelain and other ceramic tiles are natural products. Before porcelain becomes a beautifully crafted kitchen tile, it starts as regular clay mixed with other natural products like sand, feldspar, quartz, and water. Leftover moisture is used as a glue to stick the ingredients together. Once everything is intermingled, the clay is then dried with extreme heat to reduce its percentage of water.



Dust Pressing: Without excess moisture present, the clay turns into a dust. Placing it into a large press, tile makers are able to use thousands of pounds of pressure to shape it and give it strength. Along with the square and rectangular shapes most often seen in bathroom floor tiles, the press can also shape the tile dust into ovals, diamonds, and other unique shapes.

Tile Baking: After being pressed, the tiles are placed into a large kiln, where they bake for a few hours. Heat reaching up to 2,500 degrees Fahrenheit imbues the material with even more strength. Firing the tile also produces beautiful colors and patterns on its glazed surface, giving you a better choice at the tile store. Although porcelain tiles are technically ceramic tiles, there are a few differences in the final product. In order to be classified as porcelain, for example, a tile cannot absorb more than 0.5 percent of its weight in water.

To find a great selection of porcelain and other floor tiles, you will need to shop at the tile store that gives you the biggest variety. Standard Tile is the largest wholesale and retail distributer in New Jersey. Visit one of our seven locations today or call (888) 903-0998 for help finding your ideal tile. 


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